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文化遺産オンライン

飛鳥・橿原ユネスコ協会


HISTORY OF THE ASUKA ERA

 

Before the Asuka Era, the Tumulus Period failed to maintain any constancy due to severe disputes concerning the Royal authority, as well as, disputes between clans which had conflicts of interest regarding profit. In the years immediately preceding the entrance of the Asuka Era, disputes between the SOGA and MONONOBE clans, which both centered on Buddhism, were quite severe; however, the SOGA clan's success marked the end of a period with clan oppositions.

 

At this point enters Prince SHOUTOKU who paved the path for a more systematic state, he brought forth a system of government with the Emperor being the center. Prince SHOUTOKU is recognized as the first regent of Empress SUIKO who was entrusted with the government. This administration held Buddhism as the basis while establishing orders of destined social rank, a new constitution and raised the Imperial House as the nation's authority; resulting in the establishment of a unified Nation with the Emperor as the central figure. The resulting prosperity in this region is observed through construction of magnificent Buddhist structures, also the architectural and carvings of this period created a vibrant Asuka Culture.

 

After Prince SHOTOKU's death, the political control returned again to the SOGA clan. SHOTOKU's son, YAMASHIRO no OE was forced to commit suicide (assassinated) leaving Prince NAKA no OE (later being referred to as Emperor Tenji) to intervene and bring an end to the SOGA clan. This is known as the famous ISSHI Incident(the TAIKA Reforms.)

 

Prince NAKA no OE became Emperor, however disputes of his authority arose again resulting in the JINSHIN War, and Emperor TEMMU ascended to the throne of ASUKA KYOMIHARA NO MIYA. In the end, Emperor MONMU and Empress JITOU implemented TAIRITSURYO System, somewhat preserving Prince SHOTOKU's political philosophies.


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